Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Zambia is increasingly becoming an important source of employment for many who cannot get jobs in the formal sector. This sector is perceived by the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) as a potential source of tax revenue. ASM in Zambia has been habitually focused on the gemstone mining sector. However, the recent spate of gold discovery is changing this narrative. This study focused on appraising Zambia’s Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) sector encompassing technical, social, environmental, safety and
health issues. The study was undertaken in three districts, namely, Mwinilunga, Rufunsa, and Lusangazi.